Type-2 diabetes is as troubling among the continent's adults, notes the paper, whose principle writer is Professor Kun-Ho Yoon, a South Korean diabetes specialist at the Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital in Seoul. "The proportion of people with type-2 diabetes and obesity have increased throughout Asia, and the rates of increase show no signs of slowing."
Consequently, it warns that the number of people in Asia with diabetes could rise from 194 million in 2003 to 333 million by 2025.
Currently, more than 240 million people worldwide live with diabetes, states the World Diabetes Day Web site.
The rate of diabetes among adults in countries such as the Asian giants China and India and others like South Korea, Indonesia and Thailand are contributing to this increase, states the study. "India and China have the greatest numbers of people with diabetes, and are likely to remain in this position in 2025, by which time they could each have 20 million affected individuals."
In fact, China helps to illustrate the impact of diabetes among the young. "The proportion of children aged 7 to 18 years who were obese and overweight increased 28-fold between 1985 and 2000," states the report. "The age at which type-2 diabetes develops has also decreased, and the prevalence of the disease in children and adolescents has risen. Cases of type-2 diabetes now greatly outnumber cases of type-1 diabetes in children and adolescents."
The picture is different in developed countries with people of European descent, where "diabetes affects mainly those who are older than 65 years." So a health problem that affects only "a minority of youth worldwide is threatening the majority in Asia."
And if that is not worrying enough, the World Diabetes Day Web site adds that in many parts of the world, "insulin, the main life-saving medication that children with diabetes need to survive, is not available." As a result, "many children die of diabetes, particularly in low- and middle-income countries."
In 2005, an estimated 1.1 million people of all ages died from diabetes, states the World Health Organization (WHO), adding that the annual diabetes death toll could be as high as 2.9 million if one accounts for death "in which diabetes was a contributory condition."
The warning in the 'The Lancet' comes at a time when public health experts in the region are fighting an uphill battle to get the increasingly urbanized communities in Asia to change their new lifestyles and food habits to stall the spread of the disease.
Diabetes type-2 is caused largely by excess body weight and physical inactivity, according to the WHO. The high consumption of fast foods and snacks and drinks high in sugar are equally to blame.
Type-2 diabetes results from "the body's ineffective use of insulin," the Geneva-based health body adds. Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, "is characterized by a lack of insulin production."
In Thailand -- which ranks as having some of the highest rates of adult obesity in Asia due to a combination of a sedentary lifestyle and high consumption of foods packed with sugar and little nutrients -- public health officials are experimenting with a range of initiatives to get the message across.
"We have been warning people that this new disease cannot be solved at a hospital," says Dr. Chaisri Supornsilaphachai, director of the non-communicable disease bureau at the Public Health Ministry. "They are being told about the price they will have to pay for becoming more Westernized in their habits."
The changing food habits often figure in this drive in a bustling metropolis like Bangkok, which has an abundance of the world's established fast-food outlets, in addition to a surfeit of convenience stores offering a range of snacks high in sugars. "In the past, the Thai diet had more vegetables, fish and fruit," Chaisri told IPS. "Now people want fried chicken and food with a lot of fat."
Elsewhere in Asia, governments are being encouraged to consider increasing taxes to save their adults and children from becoming obese and succumbing to diabetes. "There is a need to tax sugary drinks as a way of reducing consumption," Dr.Tommaso Cavalli-Sforza, regional adviser in nutrition and food safety at the WHO's Western Pacific regional office, said in a telephone interview from Manila. "The funds generated could be used to promote healthy diets and more physical activity."
Public health experts in the region have also stepped up efforts to rope schools into diabetes-related initiatives, pressing the need for a change in the curriculum to emphasize the need for healthy diets and more exercise. "Schools are a good point of intervention to stall the spread of obesity and diabetes," says Cavalli-Sforza. "Schools in Singapore have already begun such initiatives."
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Albion Monitor November
23, 2006 (http://www.albionmonitor.com)
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