Cheney's speech comes at a moment of rising tensions between the U.S. and Iran. Just last week, Bush warned during a brief press appearance that Tehran's acquisition of a nuclear weapon -- or even the expertise needed to make one -- could lead to a new world war.
"I've told people that if you're interested in avoiding World War III, it seems like you ought to be interested in preventing (Iran) from having the knowledge necessary to make a nuclear weapon," he told reporters, although the White House later insisted that the president was merely making a "rhetorical point" and still believed that the nuclear issue could be resolved diplomatically.
Two days later, Iran's lead nuclear negotiator, Ali Larijani, had resigned and would be replaced by a less prominent diplomat Saeed Jalili. Although the government later announced that both Larijani and Jalili will attend talks Tuesday in Rome with European Union (EU) foreign-affairs chief, Javier Solana, the move was widely interpreted here as a major victory for the hard-line anti-western faction behind President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad against more pragmatic elements in the regime.
While Jalili lacks experience, noted Farideh Farhi, an Iran expert at the University of Hawaii, "(w)hat Jalili does have is a very close relationship with Ahmadinejad. As such, the move, if it is confirmed, reflects yet another enhancement of Ahmadinejad's fortunes in Iranian politics."
Like Ahmadinejad, Cheney has long been seen as the leader of hard-line forces within the administration, and the mere fact that his speech -- which must have been cleared at the highest levels -- was as belligerent as it was, especially in accusing Iran of "direct involvement in the killings of Americans," suggests that the hawks are trying to take the offensive.
Neither Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice nor Pentagon chief Robert Gates has made such an unequivocal accusation; indeed, Gates has tried to downplay such charges when they have been voiced by military commanders in Iraq.
The forum chosen by Cheney to deliver his speech was in many ways as significant as its timing and context. WINEP, a generally hawkish think tank, was founded some 20 years ago by the research director of the highly influential lobby, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), and is funded by many of the same donors.
AIPAC, in turn, has led a high-powered effort to persuade Congress to impose tough new sanctions against Iran and foreign companies that do business with it, and, more recently, to have Tehran's Revolutionary Guard declared a "terrorist" organization.
As Cheney himself noted Sunday, his own national security adviser, John Hannah, once served as WINEP's deputy director. While WINEP does not take specific positions on pending legislation or policies, it is generally regarded as at least sympathetic to AIPAC's efforts and often provides the research AIPAC uses in its lobbying activities.
Cheney's speech was remarkable on several counts, beginning with the fact that it came less than a week after Gates gave a much more restrained presentation on U.S. Middle East policy and the threat posed by Iran to a yet more-hawkish pro-Israel group, the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA).
While Gates called Tehran's government "an ambitious and fanatical theocracy," he also stressed the importance of diplomatic pressure and, in marked contrast to Cheney, dwelt much more heavily on the threats posed by al Qaeda and other Sunni "jihadist" movements.
Indeed, the rhetorical differences -- including Gates' effort to distinguish between Sunni jihadism and Iran and Cheney's attempts to blur the two -- could not be more pronounced.
Cheney's speech was also notable for its aggressive and unapologetic defense of the Bush administration's conduct of its war on terrorism; its insistence that the surge has turned the tide of the war in Iraq; and its repetition of neo-conservative notions about the importance of reacting with "swift and dire" punishment against challenges to U.S. power in the region and the possibility that Tehran is deeply threatened by the emergence of "a strong, independent, Arab Shia community" in Iraq.
He charged that Iran is a "growing obstacle to peace in the Middle East," and he recited a long litany of grievances against it. "This same regime that approved of hostage-taking in 1979, that attacked Saudi and Kuwaiti shipping in the 1980s, that incited suicide bombings and jihadism in the 1990s and beyond, is now the world's most active state sponsor of terror," he declared, quoting the U.S. commander in Iraq, Gen. David Petraeus for the proposition that it is fighting a "proxy war against the Iraqi state and coalition forces in Iraq."
"Fearful of a strong, independent, Arab Shia community emerging in Iraq, one that seeks guidance not in Qom, Iran, but from traditional sources of Shia authority in Najaf and Karbala, the Iranian regime also aims to keep Iraq in a state of weakness that prevents Baghdad from presenting a threat to Tehran," he added, blaming the Quds Force, an elite branch of the Revolutionary Guard, for providing "weapons, money and training to terrorists and Islamic militant groups abroad, including Hamas; Palestinian Islamic Jihad; militants in the Balkans, the Taliban and other anti-Afghanistan militants; and Hezbollah terrorists trying to destabilize Lebanon's democratic government."
He also strongly implied that Washington continues to seek "regime change" in Tehran, noting that "the irresponsible conduct of the ruling elite in Tehran is a tragedy for all Iranians" and insisting that "the spirit of freedom is stirring Iran...America looks forward to the day when Iranians reclaim their destiny; the day that our two countries, as free and democratic nations, can be the closest of friends."
Iran, indeed, dominated the last 10 minutes of the speech. By contrast, Lebanon received only two paragraphs while the administration's efforts to renew U.S.-Palestinian peace talks drew only the briefest of mentions.
Bush, he said, has "announced a meeting to be held in Annapolis later this year to review the progress towards building Palestinian institutions, to seek innovative ways to support further reform, to provide diplomatic support to the parties, so that we can move forward on the path to a Palestinian state."
Comments? Send a letter to the editor.
Albion Monitor October
22, 2007 (http://www.albionmonitor.com)
All Rights Reserved.
Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for permission to use in any format.